Top 15 Data Science Trends and Predictions For 2022
The rise of data science as a field of study and viable application throughout the last century has prompted the improvement of technologies, for example, deep learning, natural language processing, and computer vision. Overall, it has empowered the development of machine learning (ML) as a method of pursuing what we allude to artificial intelligence (AI), an area of innovation that is quickly changing the manner in which we work and live.
Here are the 15 Data Science Predictions for 2022
1. Small Data and TinyML
The rapid growth in the amount of digital data that we are generating, collecting, and analyzing is often referred to as Big Data. It isn’t just the data that’s big, though – the ML algorithms we use to process it can be quite big, too. GPT-3, the largest and most complicated system capable of modeling human language, is made up of around 175 billion parameters.
2. Data-Driven Customer Experience
This is regarding how organizations take the data and use it to furnish with progressively beneficial, important, or pleasant encounters. This could mean chopping down grinding and bother in internet business, easier to use connection points and front-closes in the product we use, or investing less energy in the hold and being moved between various divisions when we connect.
AI chatbots to Amazon’s clerk fewer odds and ends shops – implying that regularly every part of our commitment can be estimated and dissected for experiences into how cycles can be streamlined or made more charming. This has additionally prompted a drive to make more noteworthy degrees of personalization in labor and products being proposed to us by organizations. The pandemic started a flood of speculation and development in web-based retail innovation, for instance, as organizations hoped to supplant the active, material encounters of blocks ‘n’ mortar shopping trips. Observing new techniques and methodologies for utilizing this client information into better client care and new client encounters will be a concentration for some, individuals working in the field of data science during 2022
3. Deepfakes, Generative AI and Manufactured Information
This year a significant number of us were fooled into accepting Tom Cruise had begun posting on TikTok when scarily sensible “deepfake” recordings circulated around the web. The innovation behind this is known as generative AI, as it means to produce or make something – for this situation, Tom Cruise entertaining us with stories of meeting Mikhail Gorbachev – that doesn’t exist in actuality. Generative AI has in short order become implanted in human expression, and media outlet, where we have seen Martin Scorsese de-age Robert DeNiro in The Irishman and (spoiler alert) a youthful Mark Hamill show up in The Mandalorian.
In 2022, we will see it blasting into numerous different enterprises and use cases. For instance, it’s considered to have enormous likelihood with regards to making manufactured data for the preparation of other AI calculations. Synthetic countenances of individuals who have never existed can be made to prepare facial recognition calculations while staying away from the security concerns engaged with utilizing genuine individuals’ appearances. It tends to be made to prepare picture acknowledgment frameworks to detect indications of extremely uncommon and rarely shot diseases in clinical pictures. It can likewise be utilized to make language-to-picture capacities, permitting, for instance, a modeler to create idea pictures of a structure basically by portraying how it will look in words.
AI, the internet of things (IoT), cloud computing, and superfast networks like 5G are the foundations of digital transformation, and data is the fuel they all consume to make results. These advances exist independently, however, consolidated; they empower each other to do considerably more. AI empowers IoT gadgets to act brilliant, cooperating with one another with as little requirement for human obstruction as could really be expected – driving an influx of automation and the formation of savvy homes and shrewd processing plants, as far as possible up to brilliant urban communities. 5G and other super quick organizations don’t simply permit information to be communicated at higher velocities; they will empower new kinds of data move to become typical (similarly as superfast broadband and 3G made versatile video real-time a regular reality) and AI algorithms made by data scientists assume a critical part in this, from steering traffic to guarantee ideal exchange paces to robotizing ecological controls in cloud centres. In 2022, an expanding measure of energizing information science work will happen at the crossing point of these extraordinary advancements, guaranteeing they increase one another and play pleasantly together.
5. Automation of Machine Learning – AutoML
Another way to say “mechanized AI,” AutoML is an astonishing pattern that is driving the “democratization” of information science referenced in the prologue to this piece. Designers of autoML arrangements mean making instruments and stages that can be utilized by anybody to make their own ML applications. Specifically, it’s focused on educated authorities whose specific skill and experiences make them undeniably positioned to foster answers for the most squeezing issues in their specific fields yet who frequently do not have the coding data expected to apply AI to those issues.
Regularly, an enormous piece of a data scientist’s time will be taken up with data purifying and planning – assignments that require information abilities and are frequently dull and unremarkable. AutoML at its most essential includes computerizing those assignments, yet it progressively likewise implies building models and making calculations and neural organizations. The point is that very soon, anybody with an issue they need to tackle, or a thought they need to test, will actually want to apply AI through basic, easy to use interfaces that keep the internal operations of ML carefully hidden, departing them allowed to focus on their answers. 2022 is probably going to see us make a major stride nearer to this being a regular reality.
6. Data Science on The Cloud
The problem lies with collecting, tagging, cleaning, structuring, formatting, and analyzing this huge volume of data in one place. Data science models and artificial intelligence come to the rescue. However, storage of data is still a concern. One of the major data science trends in 2022 is the use of public and private cloud services for data science and data analytics.
7. Blockchain technology in Data science
Blockchain technology is a hot topic nowadays, especially with the recent boom in decentralised finance, the exponential growth of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, and the ongoing NFT craze. From a Data Scientist’s perspective, blockchains are also an exciting source of high-quality data that can be used to tackle a wide range of interesting problems using Statistics and Machine Learning.
9. Increase in Use of Natural Language Processing
Famously known as NLP, it started as a subset of artificial intelligence. It is now considered a part of the business processes used to study data to find patterns and trends. It is said that NLP will be used for the immediate retrieval of information from data repositories in 2022. Natural Language Processing will have access to quality information that will result in quality insights.
10. Use of Augmented Analytics
What is augmented analytics? AA is a concept of data analytics that uses AI, machine learning, and natural language processing to automate the analysis of massive data. What is normally handled by a data scientist is now being automated in delivering insights in real-time. It takes less time for enterprises to process the data and derive insights from it. The result is also more accurate, thus leading to better decisions. From assisting with data preparation to data processing, analytics, and visualization, AI, ML, and NLP help experts explore data and generate in-depth reports and predictions. Data from within the enterprise and outside the enterprise can be combined through augmented analytics.
11. Focus on Edge Intelligence
Gartner and Forrester have predicted that edge computing will become a mainstream process in 2022. Edge computing or edge intelligence is where data analysis and data aggregation are done close to the network. Industries wish to take advantage of the internet of things (IoT) and data transformation services to incorporate edge computing into business systems.
This results in greater flexibility, scalability, and reliability, leading to a better performance of the enterprise. It also reduces latency and increases the processing speed. When combined with cloud computing services, edge intelligence allows employees to work remotely while improving the quality and speed of productivity.
12. Quantum Computing for Faster Analysis
One of the trending research topics in data science is Quantum computing. Google is already working on this, where decisions are not taken by the binary digits 0 and 1. The decisions are made using quantum bits of a processor called Sycamore. This processor is said to solve a problem in just 200 seconds.
13. Democratizing AI and Data Science
We have already seen how DaaS is becoming famous. The same is now being applied to machine learning models as well. Thanks to the increase in demand for cloud services, AI and ML models are easier to be offered as a part of cloud computing services and tools.
You can contact a data science company in India to use MLaaS (Machine Learning as a Service) for data visualization, NLP, and deep learning. MLaaS would be a perfect tool for predictive analytics. When you invest in DaaS and MLaaS, you don’t need to build an exclusive data science team in your enterprise. The services are provided by offshore companies.
14. Automation of Data Cleaning
For advanced analytics in 2022, having data is not sufficient. We already mentioned in the previous points how big data is of no use if it’s not clean enough for analytics. It also refers to incorrect data, data redundancy, and duplicate data with no structure or format.
This causes the data retrieval process to slow down. That directly leads to the loss of time and money for enterprises. On a large scale, this loss could be counted in millions. Many researchers and enterprises are looking for ways to automate data cleaning or scrubbing to speed up data analytics and gain accurate insights from big data. Artificial intelligence and machine learning will play a major role in data cleaning automation.
15. Use of Big Data in the Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical things embedded with software, sensors, and the latest technology. This allows different devices across the network to connect with each other and exchange information over the internet. By integrating the Internet of Things with machine learning and data analytics, you can increase the flexibility of the system and improve the accuracy of the responses provided by the machine learning algorithm.
Originally published July 14, 2014 9:18 am, updated January 3 2022 for relevance and comprehensiveness.