6 Differences Between Static And Dynamic Authentication
Authentication forms a significant part of the great progressions that have come up with technological advancements. It is a technique that grants access control by counterchecking to see whether the credentials you enter into the system match those in the database or those in the data authentication hub. Hence, this authentication program ensures the safety of information and processes in several digital systems. It is also essential in cyber security to ensure the protection of networks by only allowing authenticated users to access the system.
In addition, these systems use several methods and processes to ensure security, for instance, through the knowledge based authentication website. This website insures a security process called knowledge-based authentication that requires you to provide private information for purposes of identity verification before gaining access to the system. It is one of the most secure methods that several sites use to offer security to your digital assets or information, like authenticate.com.
Additionally, this method has two types of verification methods which include static and dynamic authentication. However, these two types of knowledge-based authentication methods have significant differences, and they include the following;
1. Generation and Selection of Verification Questions
The knowledge-based authentication method, abbreviated as KBA, generally needs the user to answer some questions to get private information for verification purposes. This property is applicable to both static and dynamic types of KBA. Nevertheless, there is a difference regarding the generation of these questions.
In the case of static authentication, you have the liberty to choose your verification questions and answers. For instance, ‘what is your favorite pet?’ or ‘who is your best friend? ’The system then stores the answers you provide, and each time you get into the system, you will have to provide the same answers for verification purposes.
On the other hand, dynamic authentication generates and chooses the questions for you depending on your public records, history, or credit card information. For instance, they may ask the address of the home where you lived years ago or the registration plates of your first car.
Whichever questions they will ask during the verification process depend on the information available on your public history, among other sources of information. Therefore this is one of the significant differences between dynamic and static authentication.
2. Security Levels
Both dynamic and static authentication can offer security to your digital capital and assets. However, there is a difference in the levels of security they both can offer.
Static authentication offers less security as compared to dynamic authentication. This is because, in static authentication, the same information is used recurrently when accessing digital systems. For instance, the password and username are always the same. This makes the system vulnerable to cyber-attacks because it is easier to obtain those credentials.
On the other hand, dynamic authentication uses a different set of time-sensitive credentials. This means that you can always use a one-time password to get into the system, and the next time you log into the system, you will also have to use a different one for verification. Therefore, it is more difficult for attackers to get into the system because of the frequent change in the credentials.
3. Ease in Implementation
This is another significant difference between static and dynamic authentication. Static authentication is easier and cheaper to implement as compared to dynamic authentication. This is because static authentication does not require a lot of infrastructures to enable the security of all-time passwords or login credentials. Therefore this makes it easy for any system or company to implement.
On the other hand, dynamic implementation is a little difficult and expensive to implement and manage. This is because of the infrastructure required to support the system. The system requires the constant generation of new passwords and numerous authentication features. Dynamic authentication may also require additional hardware and software like scanners and token generators, which may consume a lot of time to set up. This is why it is more complex and hard to implement than static authentication.
4. Areas Used
These two types of knowledge-based authentication methods offer securities in different areas.
Static authentication is used to secure accounts present in low-risk environments, like personal accounts, and a good example is email accounts.
On the other hand, dynamic authentication is mostly used to give access to accounts with a high risk of security attacks, for instance, those with finances, assets, or enterprise information. This is because these are high-value accounts and their networks face a high risk of security attacks.
Dynamic and static authentication vary in terms of convenience to the user.
Static authentication is less convenient for the user as compared to dynamic authentication. The static type will require the user to remember the same credentials with each authentication process. This can be challenging for several users as they may forget these credentials, making errors, especially if they access the system after a long time. Therefore some may choose to use easy-to-guess credentials that may be susceptible to attack.
On the other hand, dynamic authentication is more convenient because the user does not have to recall the credentials, as new ones are generated with each authentication process. Moreover, this can reduce errors and the vulnerability of attacks.
In terms of flexibility, static authentication is less flexible than dynamic authentication. This is because static authentication does not have multiple authentication methods or extra hardware or software security measures, which can restrict the user.
Dynamic authentication, however, is more flexible because it allows the use of multiple methods or verification that a user can customize according to individual preference. These can include biometric or multi-factor authentication. Additionally, the flexibility in dynamic authentication increases security in digital security networks.
The above are the most prevalent differences between static and dynamic authentication methods. However, the two methods still portray several similarities, chief among them being that they both offer authentication services.
Therefore, you can use either of the methods to secure information or assets in a network of your choice. However, it would help if you conducted extensive research on both ways to get their precise properties before settling on either. Additionally, it can help you get more helpful information on static and dynamic authentication, minimizing vulnerability to cyber-attacks.