technology wave
ARK Invest 2024 Big Ideas

A report by ARK Invest, an investment management firm specializing in disruptive innovation, predicts that further tech-led transformations are on the horizon, with artificial intelligence (AI) poised to spearhead this change.

“We’re all about finding the next big thing. Those hewing to the benchmarks, which are backwards looking, are not about the future. They are about what has worked. We’re all about what is going to work,” says Cathie Wood, founder, CEO, and chief investment officer of ARK.

Each year, ARK publishes its Big Ideas report, offering a thorough analysis of technological convergence and its capacity to transform industries and economies.

The ARK Big Ideas 2024 report, titled ‘Disrupting the Norm, Defining the Future,’ showcases 15 ground-breaking concepts poised to redefine industries and shape the future.

  1. Technological Convergence – The global equity market value associated with disruptive innovation could increase to 60% by 2030.
  2. Artificial Intelligence – Scaling global intelligence and redefining work: AI training costs should continue to fall 75% per year.
  3. Smart Contracts – Powering the internet-native financial system, smart contract networks could generate fees of $450bn in 2030.
  4. Digital WalletsDigital wallets could grow select vertical software platforms’ revenues to $27-$50bn in 2030.
  5. Robotics – Generalizing automation, thanks to the convergence of AI software and hardware. Generalizable robotics represent a $24 trillion-plus global revenue opportunity.
  6. Digital Consumers – Transitioning toward digital leisure, where spending could teach $23 trillion in 2030.
  7. Electric Vehicles – Lower battery costs powering adoption mean EV sales could reach 74 million in 2030.
  8. Robotaxis – Robotaxi platforms could create $28 trillion in enterprise value in 2030.
  9. Multiomic Tools & Technology – Translating biological insights into economic value: R&D spending could decline by more than 25%, thanks to multiomic tools and technology.
  10. Reusable Rockets – Satellite connectivity revenues could exceed $130bn per year in 2030.
  11. Autonomous Logistics – Global autonomous delivery revenue could reach $900bn by 2030.
  12. Bitcoin Allocation – Growing the role of bitcoin in investment portfolios. During the last seven years, bitcoin’s annualized return has averaged around 44%.
  13. Bitcoin in 2023 – After challenges in 2022, bitcoin’s price surged 155% last year, reaching $827 billion in market cap.
  14. Precision Therapies – Curing disease more efficiently and less expensively. The enterprise value of companies focused on precision therapies could reach $4.5 trillion by 2030.
  15. 3D Printing – Revenues could grow 40% at an annual rate to $180bn by 2030.
five innovative platforms

In the 2024 Big Ideas report by ARK, five innovation platforms emerge as defining pillars of the technological era: AI, public blockchains, energy storage, robotics, and multiomic sequencing. ARK also delves into the historical significance of converging technologies and estimates their economic impacts.

The company pinpoints AI as the primary catalyst for technological advancements. Let’s delve deeper into the AI chapter of the 2024 Big Ideas report.

ai catalyst

AI: Redefining Work

Research indicates that coding assistants represent early success stories, significantly enhancing the productivity and job satisfaction of software developers. AI-powered assistants are not only improving the performance of knowledge workers but also proving to be particularly beneficial for underperforming workers, offering noteworthy advantages compared to high performers.

ai imapct

Advancements in foundational models are reshaping various domains. With expanded training datasets and increased parameters, GPT-4 demonstrates superior performance over GPT-3.5. These foundational models are evolving into “multimodal” platforms, accommodating text, images, audio, and video, offering enhanced user experiences and performance. The analysis says the cost of authoring the written word has collapsed:

The performance of AI training is rapidly advancing, with training costs expected to decrease by 75% annually. Recent research indicates a shift from optimizing large language model (LLM) training costs to prioritizing inference costs. Remarkably, inference costs, particularly for enterprise-scale use cases, are plummeting at an accelerated rate of approximately 86% annually, surpassing the decline in training costs. Notably, the inference costs associated with GPT-4 Turbo are now lower than those of GPT-3 a year ago.

ai forecast

Research indicates that the accelerated adoption of AI could yield a multi-trillion dollar impact on employee productivity. By 2030, AI holds the potential to automate the majority of tasks in knowledge-based professions, significantly enhancing the productivity of the average worker. As a result, software solutions designed to automate and expedite knowledge work tasks stand to be among the primary beneficiaries of this transformative shift.

AI expectations

The ARK Invest Big Idea 2024 report sets the benchmark for outlining disruptive technologies that will redefine industries and economies over the next decade. The summary of the report’s AI chapter delves into potential future scenarios for AI beyond 2030 and projects potential outcomes by 2040.